µ IB | Particles

10 quick questions

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10 minutes maximum!

(Can you do it in 5?)

Data Book Needed!

 

Q1-5. These questions are about the standard model of particles.

Here are 4 options:

  • A. dd
  • B. udd
  • C. Z
  • D. νe

Which of the above is...

 
1. .. a baryon?
2. .. a lepton?
3. .. a neutron?
4. .. an exchange particle?
5. .. a meson?

 

6-9. These questions are about beta decay.

A student write down an incorrect version of beta decay as shown here:

uud → udd + e- + νe

Which of the 3 conservation laws, charge, baryon number and lepton number are conserved in this reaction?

 
Charge baryon number lepton number
A
conserved conserved not conserved
B
not conserved not conserved conserved
C
not conserved conserved not conserved
D
conserved not conserved not conserved

7. Which exchange particle is involved in nuclear beta decay?

  • A. intermediate vector boson
  • B. gluon
  • C. graviton
  • D. photon

8. What single change needs to be made to the equation shown above to correct the equation?

  • A. change νe to νe
  • B. change udd to dd
  • C. change e- to μ
  • D. change e- to e+
9. A different version of beta decay is shown here as a Feynman diagram, with a neutron decaying into a proton. Beta decay Feynman diagram

What feature of the diagram is incorrect?

  • A. The νe particle should be νe.
  • B. The e- arrow is pointing the wrong way.
  • C. The exchange particle line should be a straight line.
  • D. The νe arrow is pointing the wrong way.

 

10. The Rutherford-Geiger-Marsden experiment led to the discovery of the nucleus. It involved firing alpha particles at thin gold foil.

What result led Rutherford to conclude that most of the atom was 'empty space'?

Rutherford - Geiger - Marsden Experiment

 

  • A. Most of alpha particles bounced back at the source, with few being deflected.
  • B. Most of alpha particles were deflected through small angles, with few continuing straight through the foil.
  • C. Most of alpha particles were absorbed, with few continuing straight through the foil.
  • D. Most of alpha particles went straight through the gold foil, with few being deflected.