Grade Gorilla Logo Small

Biology µGCSE:

Menstrual Cycle + Pregnancy

10 quick questions - for GCSE and iGCSE

home

 

10 minutes maximum! (can you do it in 5?)

1-6 The diagram shows the hormones that control the menstrual cycle. Use the diagram to help answer the questions:

menstrual_cycle

 
1. What is happening in X?
  • A. Ovulation
  • B. Menstruation
  • C. Fertilisation
  • D. Maturation
2. Which hormone stimulates the lining of the uterus to build up?
  • A. Luteinising hormone LH
  • B. Follicle stimulating Hormone FSH
  • C. Oestrogen
  • D. Progesterone
3. Which hormone stimulates the ovary to make oestrogen?
  • A. Luteinising hormone LH
  • B. Follicle stimulating Hormone FSH
  • C. Oestrogen
  • D. Progesterone
4. Which hormone stimulates the release of a mature egg from the ovary?
  • A. Luteinising hormone LH
  • B. Follicle stimulating Hormone FSH
  • C. Oestrogen
  • D. Progesterone
5. After ovulation which hormone maintains the lining of the uterus wall?
  • A. Luteinising hormone LH
  • B. Follicle stimulating Hormone FSH
  • C. Oestrogen
  • D. Progesterone

6.  Which of the following shows 2 statements about oestrogen that are correct?

A Reduces the levels of FSH Increases level of progesterone
B Increases levels of FSH Causes lining of uterus to break down
C Increases the level of LH Increases level of progesterone
D Reduces the levels of FSH Increases the level of LH
7-10: If fertilisation of an egg is successful the embryo formed develops into a foetus which becomes embedded in the lining of the uterus. The foetus develops into the baby which receives nutrients from its mother.


pregnancy

 
7. Name structure X.
  • A. Umbilical cord
  • B. Uterus
  • C. Amniotic sac
  • D. Placenta
8. At X which one of the following substances does not pass from mother to baby?
  • A. Oxygen
  • B. Glucose
  • C. Protein
  • D. Calcium ions
9. At X which two waste materials pass from the baby to the mother?
  • A. carbon dioxide and urea
  • B. Urine and faeces
  • C. Carbon dioxide and faeces
  • D. carbon dioxide and urine
10. What is the function of Y?
  • A. Provide nutrients to the baby
  • B. Protects the baby from knocks
  • C. Provides baby with oxygen
  • D. Stores the faeces produced by baby