CIE iGCSE: Matter+Heat

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Density, pressure, particles, heat transfer

1. Which of these sentences is true?
  • A). In a gas the particles have strong forces between them
  • B) Liquids fill completely the container they are in
  • C) The forces are strong between particles in a solid
  • D) Particles in a liquid move faster than in a gas
Which of these descriptions matches which state of matter?  

2. Particles are widely separated.

3. Does not have a fixed shape.

4. Strong bonds hold the particles firmly in place.

5. Which answer best describes the difference between these 2 blocks?

  • A) Block A has a larger volume than block B
  • B) Block B is denser than block A
  • C) Block A has more mass than block B
  • D) Block A has more tightly packed particles than block B

6. What is the formula for density?

  • A) Density = volume x mass
  • B) Density = volume / mass
  • C) Density = mass / volume
  • D) Density =  ½ x mass x (volume)
7. Which of these calculations below is the right one to find the mass of water in the cylinder shown here? cylinder
  • A) (mass of cylinder) + (mass of water and cylinder)
  • B) ( mass of cylinder and water) - (mass of water)
  • C) (mass of cylinder) - (mass of water and cylinder)
  • D) ( mass of cylinder and water) - (mass of cylinder)

What are the missing values in this table showing the density of various substances?

Mass (g)

Density (g/cm3)


11+12. Under a microscope, dust particles appear to move randomly around.

11. What is this effect called?

  • A) random motion
  • B) newtonian motion
  • C) zero point motion
  • D) brownian motion

12. What causes this motion?

  • A) fast moving atoms / molecules colliding with the dust particles
  • B) dust particles colliding with other dust particles
  • C) gravity pulling on the dust particles
  • D) random kinetic motion

13. A device for measuring temperature can be created by two wires made of different metals joined at the end. This is called...

  • A) a thermometer
  • B) a thermocouple
  • C) a thermopile
  • D) a thermocable