AQA GCSE 2018 - Radioactivity

Page 1

 

1. An atom of
14
C contains protons and neutrons. How many?
6

 

 
number of neutrons
number of protons
A.
14
6
B.
8
6
C.
6
8
D.
6
14

 

 

Look at this diagram of an atom of a common element.

 

 


(not to scale)

2. What is the atomic number?

A). 3
B). 4
C). 7
D). 10

3. What is the nucleon (mass) number?

A). 3
B). 4
C). 7
D). 10

4. Two isotopes of the same element have

A). the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.
B). the same number of protons but different numbers of electrons.
C). the same number of neutrons but different numbers of protons.
D). the same number of electrons but different numbers of protons.

5. An atom that has been ionised has

A). Lost or gained protons
B). Lost or gained electrons
C). Lost or gained a nucleon
D). Lost or gained a neutron

6. A radioactive isotope is a substance that

A). will eventually gain electrons through bonding.
B). will become stable by cooling down.
C). is unstable and will ‘decay’ by losing particles.
D). is not found naturally on the Earth.

The next set of questions are about types of radiation.

Which type(s) of radiation match the following descriptions?

7. The most ionising.

8. A fast moving electron.
9. Can pass through paper.

10 The same as a helium nucleus.

http://csma31.csm.jmu.edu/physics/giovanetti/images/600px-Bubblechamber2c.jpg