AQA GCSE - Astronomy

Page 1

home  

 

1. Mars has a smaller gravitational field strength than the Earth. This is because...

  • A) the mass of Mars is smaller.
  • B) the radius of Mars is smaller.
  • C) the radius of Mars is larger.
  • D) the density of Mars is smaller.
 

2. Which of the following gives the sizes of astronomical objects in order of increasing size?

  • A) Solar system, universe, galaxy.
  • B) Universe, galaxy, solar system.
  • C) Solar system, galaxy, universe.
  • D) Galaxy, solar system, universe.

 

3. What is the name of our own galaxy containing the Sun?

  • A) The Andromeda galaxy.
  • B) The Milky Way galaxy.
  • C) The Orion galaxy.
  • D) The Hubble galaxy.

4. Which of these statements is correct?

  • A). Planets orbit moons, planets orbit stars.
  • B). Moons orbit planets, stars orbit planets.
  • C). Moons orbit stars, stars orbit planets.
  • D). Moons orbit planets, planets orbit stars.

5. How many planets are there in our solar system? (ignoring dwarf planets).

  • A) 7
  • B) 8
  • C) 9
  • D) 10

6. Which of the statements below best describes the equilibrium between forces within a stable star?

  • A) The inward force caused by magnetic attraction is balanced by the outward force caused by nuclear fusion.
  • B) The inward force caused by gravity is balanced by the outward force caused by nuclear fission.
  • C) The inward force caused by combustion is balanced by the outward force caused by nuclear fission.
  • D) The inward force caused by gravity is balanced by the outward force caused by nuclear fusion.

 

7. Stars that are stable and producing energy from fusion for millions (or billions) of years are called...

  • A) red giant stars.
  • B) brown dwarf stars.
  • C) main sequence stars.
  • D) variable stars.

8. Stars are formed from mostly hydrogen. Which of the statements below best describes how the other elements are created?

  • A) All the elements are formed in supernovae.
  • B) All the elements are formed by nuclear reactions inside stars.
  • C) All the elements are formed by supernovae, except for elements heavier than iron which are formed by nuclear reactions in stars.
  • D) All the elements are formed by nuclear reactions inside stars, except for elements heavier than iron which are formed in supernovae.

9. Stars that no longer have any nuclear reactions but are still very hot, luminous and small are called....

  • A) neutron stars.
  • B) brown dwarf stars.
  • C) main sequence stars.
  • D) white dwarf stars.